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Saving and investing for the children in your life has never been more important. Whether you’re a parent looking to cover future school and university fees, an aunt or uncle saving towards a first house deposit, or a grandparent or godparent planning to help with the cost of a wedding, it’s important to start planning for these events early.
Whatever your goals, we can make investing for children as easy and effective as possible.
What do I need to think about when investing for children?
There are several things to consider when saving and investing for children. What’s right for one person may not be for another, so before starting work, it’s important to think about:
- When is the money needed?
Some accounts restrict access until the child reaches 18.
- Am I the best person to invest?
Sometimes it is more tax-efficient for grandparents or other people to invest for a child.
- How much do I need to save?
Certain accounts limit the amount of money you can save in them.
- How much control do I want?
You may want to decide how the money is spent or when it can be accessed.
What are my options when investing for children?
A wide range of options are open to you when saving and investing for children, each with different allowances and tax rules. Your financial planner can help you find the best way to save for children, depending on your goals and circumstances:
With an annual contribution limit of £9,000, a Junior ISA allows you to build a nest egg for a child free of income tax and capital gains tax. Although Junior ISAs must be opened by a parent or guardian, grandparents, other relatives and friends can contribute. The child can access the Junior ISA on their 18th birthday when it will become a standard ISA*.
Designated accounts are one of the simplest ways to save for children. Anyone can open and contribute to them. You can pay as much money as you like into an account with a designation (such as John Smith a/c Jane Smith) and access the savings at any point.
Bare trusts are the simplest form of trust arrangement. A bare trust lets you build up cash or investments on behalf of a child. Whoever sets up the trust makes all of the investment decisions. The money held within the trust can be accessed for the child’s benefit (for example, to pay towards the cost of their education) before they reach adulthood. They will receive full access themselves when they are 18.
Discretionary trusts are set up with a gift from the settlor (known as a ‘truster’ in Scotland), who is normally a parent or grandparent. The settlor can choose to be a trustee as well and manage the trust’s assets. They are a popular choice when investing large sums of money for a child (usually more than £100,000) and allow you to control who receives the money and when. This means that they can be used to make gifts across several generations. For example, you could pay for a child’s wedding then a grandchild’s education.
Find out more information about trusts for children
A parent or guardian can open a personal pension for a child from the day they are born until their 18th birthday. Grandparents and any other friends or relatives can make contributions into it. A maximum of £2,880 can be paid into the pension every tax year (increasing to £3,600 with Government tax relief of 25%). Any investments will be shielded from income tax and capital gains tax. The pension can be accessed when the child is 55 (increasing to 57 in 2028).
For more information on you options when saving and investing for children, download our guide
How can we help you invest for children?
From forecasting your future finances, so that you know how much you can afford to give away, to choosing suitable investments, our experts can help you every step of the way when investing for children. They will take your personal circumstances into account and help to explain the various rules and tax allowances that also need to be considered in order to achieve the best outcome for you and the child in question.
Forecasting your future finances
Our financial planners use cashflow modelling to analyse and forecast your future finances. When saving for a child’s future, they can give you the answers to questions such as:
- How much money can you afford to save each month without affecting your lifestyle?
- Are you currently on track to achieve your savings goals?
- How much money will you need to save now to pay for education fees or a house deposit in the future?
Find out how cashflow modelling could help you
Choosing when and how your money is accessed
Some people want to decide how their money is spent or when it can be accessed. For example, you may be saving for a child’s house deposit or wedding day, or perhaps you would prefer to set up a trust that gives the child access to the money once they reach a certain age. We can talk you through the available options and help you to make the right choice.
See if trusts could be an option for you
Finding good investments
If you’re looking for the best way to save for children, it is important that your money works as hard as it can. Our investment managers can ensure your money is held in high-quality investments that are appropriate to your needs and reflect our latest investment research. Please note that the value of investments, and the income from them, may go down as well as up and investors may not get back the amount originally invested.
Learn more about our investment management service
Frequently asked questions about investing for children
What is a Junior ISA?
A Junior ISA is a tax-free savings and investment account for children. Junior ISAs have the same tax benefits as adult ISAs – money grows free from income tax and capital gains tax. The Junior ISA allowance is currently £9,000. Anyone can contribute to a Junior ISA but only a parent can open one for their child. Children cannot manage the money in their Junior ISA until age 16 and can't withdraw it until they reach 18.
How much can you save for a child in a pension?
A personal pension can be opened for a child until they turn 18. You can pay £2,880 into a child’s pension each year. After the 20% tax relief from the Government, this will make an annual contribution of £3,600.
Do parents pay tax on investments for their children?
If a parent sets up an investment or savings account for their child that produces more than £100 of annual income or interest, the money will be taxed at the parent’s usual rate of income tax. This rule does not apply to grandparents making gifts to children.
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*ISA tax rules can change and their benefits depend on your circumstances. Prevailing tax rates and reliefs depend on individual circumstances and are subject to change.